Territorial disputes in South China Sea have dominated the region for centuries, but it has not been until recent years that tensions pushed this regional problem into international awareness. The clashes concern mainly the Paracel islands and Spartly islands alongside with other islets, reefs and shoals in the region. Apart from national sovereignty that comes into question, the countries wrangle over this area as it is potentially rich in natural resources (especially gas and oil), it is home to about 8% of the world fishing catches and it presents one of the most important business routes in the world. China claims the so-called 9-dash-line area with reference to historical background, which is; however, unclear especially due to WW2 when the area was invaded by Japan. Now, the region is home to the conflict between China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Singapore, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia and Japan (in East China Sea). Without international discussion, this area could be a target of armed conflict so it is crucial to agree on basic policies regarding the dispute.
Friday, July 8th 2016 at 6:18PM | Executive Board
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